One easy way is to look at the architecture of the house. We’re not interested in that sort of property but how do we tell what kind of construction … Metal clad – A building with a metal exterior wall may not look like frame construction, but when the metal skin is attached to wood studs and joists, ISO classifies the building as frame. 3 Common Types of Home Construction. The first type of building constructioni… Many … ( Log Out /  Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Other conditions that lead to classification as frame construction include: Metal walls or floors sheathed with combustible materials, Metal floors or roofs with combustible insulation or ceiling material attached to the underside or within 18 inches (45.7 cm) of horizontal supports, Composite assemblies of noncombustible materials with combustible materials, performs well in Earthquake areas – can move, may include enclosed spaces where fire can spread undetected, concrete — either reinforced or non reinforced, note that exterior bearing walls may also be any noncombustible materials with fire-resistance ratings of not less than one hour, floors of 3 inch (7.6 cm) wood plank or 4 inch (10.2 cm) laminated plank, both surfaced with 1 inch (2.5 cm) flooring, roof of 2 inch (5.1 cm) wood plank, 3 inch (7.6 cm) laminated plank, or 1-1/8 inch tongue-and-groove plywood deck, wood column supports not less than 8 inch (20.3 cm) x 8 inch (20.3 cm), wood beams or girders not less than 6 inch (15.2 cm) x 6 inch (15.2 cm), or protected metal, floors and roofs of combustible materials subject to damage by fire, buildings with exterior walls, floors, and roofs of noncombustible or slow-burning materials, building supports of noncombustible or slow-burning materials, noncombustible or slow-burning roof decks on noncombustible or slow-burning supports — regardless of the type of insulation on the roof surface, contains steel, which loses strength at high temperatures, uses slow-burning materials that do burn — adding fuel to a fire, buildings with exterior walls of masonry — not less than four inches thick, or, buildings with exterior walls of fire-resistive construction — with a rating of not less than one hour, and, noncombustible or slow-burning floors and roofs — regardless of the type of insulation on the roof surface, Uses floors and roof supported by superior exterior bearing members that provide for stability and are less likely to collapse during a fire, Uses unprotected steel for interior members of floors and roof, and steel loses strength and becomes less stable and more damageable at high temperatures, Uses slow-burning materials that do burn — adding fuel to a fire, Buildings with exterior walls, floors, and roofs of masonry materials described in the definition of fire resistive (Construction Class 6) — less thick than required for fire-resistive structures but not less than four inches thick, or, Fire-resistive materials with a fire-resistance rating less than two hours but not less than one hour, allows greater height and area than other construction classes, uses load-bearing members or assemblies that resist damage from fire, solid masonry, including reinforced concrete not less than four inches thick, hollow masonry not less than 12 inches (30.5 cm) thick, hollow masonry less than 12 inches (30.5 cm) thick, but not less than eight inches thick with a listed fire-resistance rating of not less than two hours, assemblies with not less than a two-hour fire-resistance rating, reinforced concrete not less than four inches thick, Horizontal and vertical load-bearing protected metal supports — including pre-stressed and post-tensioned concrete units — with not less than a two-hour fire-resistance rating. Vernacular : Many housing types found today in different pockets of the world are those based on technology handed over from one generation to the next by word of mouth.

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