Note that with these last two examples the conjugated verbs match cuáles in plural form (ellos / ellas). Apparently, questions like “What is…”, “Which are…”, etc. Muchas gracias. Instead, you’ll be much better off if you think of qué and cuál in phrase combinations with either a verb, noun, or preposition. Hola Garry, thanks for the question. Hola Adele, it depends a lot on the context, but in certain situations “que” and “quien” are interchangeable when referring to people. You’ll likely end up going around in circles if you try to directly translate these English question words. But also, how you presented by saying the sentence slowly and then normally helped with knowing how to say certain words and, with practice, helped me with saying more quickly. If you are, you’ll need this first question phrase. dein eigenes Dashboard mit Statistiken und Lernempfehlungen, Schritt-für-Schritt-Anleitung zum VideoZeige im FensterDrucken. Español: ¿Qué has desayunado? For example: English: I have three books. . Espanõl: ¿Qué es un país? [Plus de cours et d'exercices de jagienka] Voir les statistiques de réussite de ce test de français Merci de vous connecter au club pour sauvegarder votre résultat. Warum begann die Industrialisierung in England? Good examples . Español: ¿Cuál es tu nombre? My plants, which I water every day, are very beautiful. If you want to ask about what happened, what someone wants, what someone does, or what someone wants to do, etc., you’ll need this phrase. And, you may even spend unnecessary time thinking about the correct use of ‘what?’ and ‘which?’ in English. Ce qui ist Subjekt und ce que ist direktes Objekt (Akkusativ). Often “cuál” is reserved for formal written Spanish and not so common in everyday conversational Spanish. Ce qui und ce que werden aber auch oft in indirekten Reden und in indirekten Fragen verwendet: , Clear. Qui functions as the subject of the subordinate clause. All of these questions need to have a qué in Spanish. Español: ¿Cuál es tu color favorito? This third question phrase is a lot more obvious than the previous two and is much easier to translate between English and Spanish. Very helpful! Thank you so much! In that instance, use qu’est-ce que. Thanks for sharing! Español: ¿Qué es un apellido? Ce qui und ce que sind hingegen keine direkten Beziehungswörter. 1. That’s a neat tip Dre! que (relative pronoun use to introduce a subordinate clause) usually means "that", but can also mean which, who or what depending on the context. English: What did you have for breakfast? As I mentioned earlier, we see a lot of Spanish students making mistakes with this construction. English: Which of your siblings is the tallest? Download this PDF version of the rules for qué vs cuál, It is really tempting to translate “What is…?” to. If it refers to the whole part of the sentence, the whole idea, then it will be ce que/ce qui. This was extremely helpful. Thanks for your kind words and thanks for reading! Qui est-ce qui, qui est-ce que und qu'est-ce qui leicht und verständlich erklärt inkl. Here you are asking for the definition of a “sustantivo” (noun) and it uses a “qué + ser (conjugated)” construction. Let’s look at each question phrase in more detail. English: Which restaurant has the best food? Spanish question words such as quién, cuándo, and dónde translate simply and smoothly between English and Spanish, not so for qué vs cuál. If you can’t find a noun or pronoun acting as the subject, the sentence probably doesn’t have one, in which case what is the subject in your question. Mes plantes, que j'arrose tous les jours, sont très belles. Español: ¿Cuáles de tus primas fueron a tu boda? que without the accent is closer to why something____ or in sentences such as , the one that____ and is porqué is the answer - why something_____. or What a ....! Die Entwicklung der Stadtstaaten Athen und Sparta, Vom Ende des Ersten Weltkrieges zur Gründung der Republik. What is a noun? The first thing you should ask yourself: are you looking for the definition of a word or phrase? Thanks Ginger for your feedback and support! English: What is (the definition of) a family name? What are the differences between "que" and "qué" in pronunciation and in meaning? Thanks for posting this. English: What are your favourite memories of the trip? Entonces: ¿Cuál es tu color favorito? (This is contrary to the interrogative pronoun qui which can only stand for persons.) Which (ones) haven’t you tried? when you want to ask “which of … (these options) …?”. Mettez ' qui ' ou ' que ' dans les phrases suivantes : Débutants Tweeter Partager Exercice de français ""Qui" ou "Que"" créé par jagienka avec le générateur de tests - créez votre propre test ! Yay, I finally get it. raised frequency, often accompanied by higher intensity. Mi español no es perfecto pero es mejor. ¡Gracias por tu comentario! Welche Arten von Nebensätzen gibt es im Deutschen? Español: ¿Qué hiciste el fin de semana? Always love your explanations. Español: ¿Cuáles de tus amigos saben español? und qu'est-ce qui? Español: ¿Qué quieres hacer esta tarde? Wie bildet man die englischen present tenses? The Qué may be intoned more just because it is in starts a question or exclamation similar to how we do it in English. Sie beziehen sich sozusagen auf den ganzen Satz. ¡Gracias Wizer! Please upgrade for the best experience. When trying to memorize it I also found it useful to break it up and look at it in terms of when would you *not* use que for what or cual for which, since our brains are so hardwired to go there in the first place. Español: ¿Qué es tu nombre? Which (one) do you feel like? Wann benutzt man welche Zeit im Französischen? Or, you can use this last question phrase 6 by first stating something about the range of books, and then asking a question related to choice. If you want to develop a conversational level of Spanish,this guide will help you get there in the most effective way. We can think of “¿qué es esto?” as “what is this?”, we have no idea what something is so we use “esto” in the neutral form and the question “¿qué es…?” for asking about the definition of something. Hi, I want to be sure I understand the Qué (sustantivo) case. . Have a great day:). Don't forget that elision takes place with que (before vowels or silent h it becomes qu'). Español: ¿Cuál de tus hermanos es el más alto? ¡Qué.....! Español: ¿Qué restaurante tiene la mejor comida? Español: ¿Qué libro prefieres? In that instance, use qu’est-ce qui. Note in these last two examples we have a ‘what’ and a ‘which’ in English becoming cuáles in Spanish. English: What do you want to do this afternoon? Required fields are marked *. Adjektive der konsonantischen Deklination, Proportionale und antiproportionale Zuordnungen, Journal - Wissenswertes für Schüler rund um Lernen und Schule, Magazin - Wissenwertes für Eltern rund um Schule und Lernen. In the last few examples, ‘(verbo)’ represents a conjugated verb and ‘(sustantivo)’ represents any Spanish noun you may want to use in your question. En cual foto hay una flor? I know I personally find it much easier to teach Spanish than English even though English is my first language. Español: ¿Cuáles son tus zapatos? English: Which option do you want? . Thank you!! Does “Cuál es esto?” have any alternative meaning or is it just not used? que (relative pronoun use to introduce a subordinate clause) usually means "that", but can also mean which, who or what depending on the context. If you are expecting the question to have more than one answer, you can also use this structure with cuáles as follows: English: Which of your friends know Spanish? Ian. It might take a little getting used to, but if you remember the phrases from this post, you will be able to avoid any mistakes with qué vs cuál. sueb4bs. English: What did you do on the weekend? Español: Tengo tres libros. English: What is the plan this weekend? Which option do you want? In French there are two main relative pronouns, qui and que. Español: ¿Cuáles son tus recuerdos favoritos del viaje? Gracias por tu comentario . There is one more simple rule, which I have been taught about qué vs cuál, which is worth mentioning here. Furthermore, you still need this construction even when it feels like there is only one answer such as asking someone’s name. ¿Cuál quieres? ¿Cuál prefieres ver? English: There are two movies on at the cinema tonight. alle Lernvideos, Übungen, Klassenarbeiten und Lösungen qué with the accent is used when it's a question. Mediation im Abi – wir zeigen dir, wie’s geht! English: Which of your cousins went to your wedding? I keep getting tripped up between cuales de and quienes de, though, and can’t find any info online about when to use which. If you want to learn how to use qué and cuál properly in Spanish, you first need to stop thinking of these two Spanish questions words as the translation of ‘what?’ and ‘which?’. – ¿Qué es un sustantivo? In this post, you’ll learn everything you need to know about qué vs cuál including how to ask questions about options and how to ask questions about definitions. Nie wieder schlechte Noten! Your browser is not supported. You use ¿Cuál de…? Just wondering how the phrase “Que es esto?” fits into your six phrases (is it a definition?). If I were to say “¿Qué/Quál perro es tuyo?” when it’s clear the context is among several known dogs, does the use of “ser (es)” indicate “Quál” rather than “Qué” or is it ALWAYS Qué (sustantivo)? Big thanks in advance . English: We have four desserts left. Español: ¿Cuál de los coches es el tuyo? SpanishDict is the world's most popular Spanish-English dictionary, translation, and learning website. Going back to a previous phrase, imagine you have 3 books to offer someone, you could ask which book they want using question phrase 3 as follows: English: Which of these three books do you want? Yes, sometimes, teaching your own language can be harder than teaching another. Gefahren im Internet – wieso Medienkompetenz so wichtig ist, Kommasetzung prüfen – damit Ihr Kind fehlerfrei schreibt. The best article so far I have read that can explain fully and clearly the difference between que and cual. Moreover, any question that you could possibly want to ask in Spanish based around options or definitions could fit into one of these 6 question phrases. Gracias para tu ayuda. Note we see students in our Spanish classes making the most mistakes with the second and fourth constructions (I’ll explain why in the relevant sections below). Based on the article (and the 6 options for qué and cuál), which do you think is the right answer?

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